Thursday, June 30, 2011

SQLite DB Example

There are 4 ways of storing data on the android platform:

  • 1.    Preferences
  • 2.    SQLite Database
  • 3.    Files
  • 4.    Network

A word about each of them here and then I will move on to an example that shows how to work with SQLite DB that comes along with the android platform.

Preferences – 
Basically used for storing user preferences for a single application or across applications for a mobile. This is typically name-value pairs accessible to the context.

Databases – 
Android supports creating of databases based on SQLite db. Each database is private to the applications that creates it 

Files –
Files can be directly stored on the mobile or on to an extended storage medium. By default other applications cannot access it.

Network – 
Data can be stored and retrieved from the network too depending on the availability.

If an application wants to store and retrieve data for its own use, without having to share the data across applications, it can access the SQLite DB directly. There is no need of a content provider. We have seen in anearlier post how to use content providers

In this example, we will do the following:
1.    Create a database (typically a one time activity)
2.    Create a table (typically a one time activity)
3.    Insert values into the table
4.    Retrieve the values from the table
5.    Display the retrieved values as a List view
6.    Delete all the records from the table before closing the connection to the database

Step 1: Create a database:

   sampleDB =  this.openOrCreateDatabase(SAMPLE_DB_NAMEMODE_PRIVATEnull);

This opens a database defined in the constant SAMPLE_DB_NAME, if it already exists. Else it creates a database and opens it. The second parameter is operating mode : MODE_PRIVATE meaning it is accessible to only this context. The other modes are and MODE_WORLD_WRITABLE. MODE_WORLD_READABLE

Step 2: Create a Table:

                        SAMPLE_TABLE_NAME +
                        " (LastName VARCHAR, FirstName VARCHAR," +
                        " Country VARCHAR, Age INT(3));");

Step 3: Insert values into the table:

sampleDB.execSQL("INSERT INTO " +
                        SAMPLE_TABLE_NAME +
                        " Values ('Makam','Sai Geetha','India',25);");

Step 4: Retrieve values 

Cursor c = sampleDB.rawQuery("SELECT FirstName, Age FROM " +
                        SAMPLE_TABLE_NAME +
                        " where Age > 10 LIMIT 5"null);
      if (c != null ) {
            if  (c.moveToFirst()) {
                  do {
String firstName = c.getString(c.getColumnIndex("FirstName"));
                  int age = c.getInt(c.getColumnIndex("Age"));
                  results.add("" + firstName + ",Age: " + age);
                  }while (c.moveToNext());

Step 5: Display the values as a list 
       this.setListAdapter(new ArrayAdapter<String>(this, android.R.layout.simple_list_item_1,results));

The statement displays it as a list as the class extends a ListActivity.

Step 6: Delete the values from the table in the finally part of the try block

finally {
            if (sampleDB != null
                  sampleDB.execSQL("DELETE FROM " + SAMPLE_TABLE_NAME);

It is as simple as this to work with the SQLite DB even in android. No different from a desktop application. However, there are various overloaded methods of query() provided by the SQLIteDatabase class which can be more optimally used instead of execSQL.

The complete code for this example is downloadable here.

1 comment:

  1. SQLite is implanted into each Android gadget. Utilizing a SQLite database as a part of Android does not require a setup strategy or organization of the database.
    You just need to characterize the SQL explanations for making and overhauling the database. A short time later the database is consequently overseen for you by the Android stage.